Three phase induction motors have a very simple construction composed of a stator protected with electromagnets, and a rotor made up of conductors shorted at each end, arranged as a “squirrel cage”. They focus on the principle of induction where a rotating electro-magnetic field it created by applying a three-phase current at the stators electromagnets. Therefore induces a current in the rotor’s conductors, which in turns produces rotor’s magnetic field that tries to check out stator’s magnetic field, pulling the rotor into rotation.
Great things about AC Induction Motors are:
Induction motors are simple and rugged in construction. They are more robust and can operate in virtually any environmental condition
Induction motors are cheaper in cost because of simple rotor construction, lack of brushes, commutators, and slide rings
They are maintenance free motors unlike dc motors because of the absence of brushes, commutators and slip rings
Induction motors can be operated in polluted and explosive conditions as they do not have brushes which can cause sparks
AC Induction motors are Asynchronous Machines meaning that the rotor will not convert at the precise same speed because the stator’s rotating magnetic field. Some difference in the rotor and stator swiftness is necessary in order to make the induction into the rotor. The difference between your two is called the slip. Slip must be kept within an optimal range in order for the motor to use efficiently. Roboteq AC Induction controllers can be configured to operate in another of three modes:
Induction Motor Scallar (or Volts per Hertz): an Open loop mode in which a order causes a simultaneous, fixed-ratio Frequency and Voltage modify.
Controlled Slip: a Shut Loop speed where voltage and frequency are controlled in order to keep slip inside a narrow range while operating at a preferred speed.
Field Oriented Control (Vector Drive): a Closed Loop Velocity and Torque control that functions by optimizing the rotating field of the stator vs. this of the induced field in the rotor.
Observe this video from Learning Engineering for a visual illustration about how AC Induction Motors are constructed and work.